EMILY HOWLAND, 1827-1929

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References: (Initial and page citation follow each entry)

"B" Breault, Judith Colucci. The World of Emily Howland: Odyssey of a Humanitarian. Millbrae,
"G" Gaffney, Patricia H., Ed. The Emily Howland Papers at Cornell University. Ithaca: Cornell
University Libraries, 1975.
"K" King, Phoebe M. Biographical Sketch of Emily Howland, 1827-1929. Ms. 40 p. 1975
"M" Myers, Mildred D. Miss Emily. Charlotte Harbor: Tabby House, 1998.
See Also: http://www.flls.org/Poplar for Emily Howland materials available by interlibrary loan.
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1827: Emily Howland born in Sherwood, NY daughter of Slocum and Hannah Tallcot Howland, sister of William and Benjamin. Parents were Quakers. B7
1835: At age 8, sent to Friends' Boarding School in Venice. B8; G9; K3
1837: At age 10, entered Susanna Marriott's boarding school in Aurora, NY. , Orthodox Quaker training with strict adherence to plain garb and speech. B9; G9; K4
1843: At age 16, attended Poplar Ridge Seminary , home of Friend Richard Wanzer. B11; G9; K4
1844: With three classmates, wrote and signed an open petition to the Whigs of the community re: extension of slavery to Texas. Slocum decided to enroll her in Mary Grew's School for Young Women, in Philadelphia, but called her home a few months later. B13; G8-9; K4
1851: After seven years "at home" assisting with light household chores and charitable work, was allowed to enroll in Mary Robinson's School in Philadelphia as informal student. Three months each winter for 7 years, had tutored classes and attended lectures with other young Quaker women who became lifelong friends. B20; G9
1857: At age 30, began teaching in fall term in Myrtilla Miner's School for "economically stable black females " in Washington. B33; M31; G10; K9
1859: Returned to Sherwood to care for mother and home, purchased in 1858. B42; M42; K2
1862: Lincoln signed Emancipation Proclamation on September 22, 1862. B51
1863: Emily went to Washington to work with freed blacks in the Contraband Camp, first in food and clothing distribution and nursing, and eventually in teaching. Camp moved to Lee's Arlington Estate, (Camp Todd), then moved to Mason's Island. B 67; M47; G11; K14-17
1865: In April, after Lincoln assassination, came back to Sherwood to care for her mother and spent winter; returned to teaching and supervision in Fort Morton area . B75; M83; K21
1866: Purchase of "Arcadia" plantation property in Heathsville, VA, for resettlement of three families from Freedmen's Village, built temporary log school. B80; M88-100; G11; K25
1867: Returning in April from Sherwood, Emily taught at the Howland Chapel School in Heathsville and developed the farm, until called home by death of her mother. B 93. She remained in Sherwood to keep house for her father and act as tutor for niece Isabel; continued supervision of school teacher Sarah Goodyear, farm oversee Uncle Moses, & Uncle Aleck Day, who was building her home and teacherage. B94; M111; K28.
1868: Assisted Carrie Putnam start school in Lottsville, VA. M112; G11 In the following years, resided in Sherwood, with annual trips south to visit Heathsville and Lottsville schools, . more active in local and national issues of suffrage and temperance. B95; M135; G11,14
1869: Supported Cornelia Hancock in her effort to found a colony on Cat Island, South Carolina, modeled after Arcadia, and gained backing from Slocum. Began project of educating 10 young black women from Arcadia at Robert Howland's school in Union Springs while living with Emily and Slocum in Sherwood. B105; G22
1870: Started new school in Westmoreland County, VA, during extended visit there. B106; G12
1877: Niece Isabel entered Cornell University's Sage College for Women and Emily attended lectures there. M138; G17;G23
1881: Isabel Howland graduated from Cornell University. Slocum Howland died in June, Emily was involved in family business and settling estate. M153
1882: Brother Benjamin killed in accident at the woolen mill. Planned and built the structure to house Hepsibeth C. Hussey's school (on property donated by Emily south of her home in Sherwood.) Niece Isabel taught in this school. M154; G12; G23; K36
1885: Took first extended vacation to Greece and Italy, and by 1900 had visited Europe, North Africa, Mexico, California, and the Caribbean. B143; M190; G13; G23
1891: Elected president of Cayuga County Political Equity Club; representative to national suffrage convention in Washington; elected Director of Aurora Bank: provided support for a trade school for black women in Manassas by building a dormitory. M182; G13
1894: Addressed the Suffrage Committee of the State Constitutional Convention. Continued friendship with Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton and other "activist" women, her home in Sherwood serving as a "retreat" for traveling speakers and guests. M 186, G7
1895: Donated "Howland House" dormitory to George Junior Republic in Dryden, NY. M188
1899: Attended International Council of Women in London and was presented to Queen Victoria. M190; G25
1901: Protégée Katherine Munhall became a doctor; sister-in-law Hannah died; continued funding for numerous schools for blacks and other young students. M194
1904: Spoke at Suffrage hearing before Congress in Washington, worked with WCTU, spoke at Women Suffrage Day at NYS Fair and NYS Suffrage Association Convention. M 199
1905: Brother, William Howland died, after long illness. M207
1915: Participated in rally at Dunn & McCarthy Shoe Shop, to urge passage of NYS Suffrage law, which after 67 years of effort, failed yet another time. M224
1917: World War I entry by U. S.; passage of New York State Suffrage act. M227; G29
1920: Final ratification of National Suffrage and passage of Prohibition Amendment gave Emily satisfaction, after all the effort of so many people to accomplish these laws. M227
1926: Turned Sherwood Select School over to New York State as a public school and served on first board of education of the consolidated school district; was awarded the first honorary doctorate in literature ever awarded a woman by the Regents of the University of the State of New York. G13; M232; B157
1927: School was renamed the Emily Howland School, in anticipation of her 100th birthday.M234
1929: Died June 29; on her gravestone: "I strove to realize myself and to serve." B164; G7

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Above information was posted to this website page in October 2006 by MARGARET REDMOND

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